2018年09月18日

MENAなんでもランキング・シリーズ その18)

 

付 世界の武器輸出国と輸入国

 ここでは世界の武器の輸出入額を取り上げる。各国の輸出額あるいは輸入額は年度によって大きく変動するため、2008年から2017年までの10年間の合計額について比較検討を行う。

 

(世界の二大武器輸出国―米国とロシア!)

付1.主要国の武器輸出額(2008年~2017年合計額)

(http://menarank.maeda1.jp/18-T03.pdf 参照)

(http://menarank.maeda1.jp/18-G06.pdf 参照)

 2008年から2017年までの10か年間の武器輸出額は世界全体で約2,800億ドル弱であり、年間平均では280億ドルであった。国別では米国とロシアが際立って多く、米国の10年間の輸出総額は901億ドル、ロシアは659億ドルであった。世界全体に占める割合はそれぞれ32%及び24%であり、2か国を合わせると世界の武器輸出額の6割弱を占めている。

 

 米国、ロシアに次いで輸出額が多いのはドイツの183億ドルであるが、米国あるいはロシアの4乃至5分の1にとどまっている。これに続いて輸出額が100億ドルを超えているのはフランス(173億ドル)、中国(143億ドル)、英国(120億ドル)である。なお次項(輸入額)に触れるとおり中国は輸入額では世界第3位であり、輸出とほぼ同額の武器を輸入しており武器貿易大国である。

 

 武器輸出額7位から10位はスペイン、イスラエル、イタリア及びオランダである。上位10か国のうちEU諸国が6カ国を占めており、EUは世界的な武器生産地域であることがわかる。なお上位10カ国は戦闘機、艦船、戦車、ミサイルなど高額な兵器を得意としているため輸出額が膨らんでいる。しかし世界の紛争地域の多くは小銃、機関銃、地雷、ロケットなど小型火器が使われている。中国、ウクライナ(輸出総額58億ドル、世界11位)、南アフリカ(同11億ドル、世界19位)などは、米国あるいはロシアに比べ金額的には少ないが影響力は小さくないと言えよう。

 

(続く)

 

本稿に関するコメント、ご意見をお聞かせください。

        前田 高行         183-0027 東京都府中市本町2-31-13-601

                               Tel/Fax; 042-360-1284, 携帯; 090-9157-3642

                               E-mail; maeda1@jcom.home.ne.jp





drecom_ocin_japan at 19:57コメント(0)MENA 

2018年09月17日

MENAなんでもランキング・シリーズ その18)

 

(サウジアラビアの軍事費は日本の2倍!)

5.主要国の軍事費の推移(2013年~2017年)

(http://menarank.maeda1.jp/18-T02.pdf 参照)

(http://menarank.maeda1.jp/18-G05.pdf 参照)

 中東の主要5か国(サウジアラビア、トルコ、イスラエル、イラン及びエジプト)に日本を加えた6カ国の2013年から2017年までの軍事費の推移を比較すると、2013年の軍事費はサウジアラビアが670億ドルで日本(490億ドルの1.4倍である。他の4カ国はサウジアラビアより大幅に少なくトルコは187億ドル、イスラエル173億ドル、イラン120億ドルであり、サウジアラビアの4分の1乃至5分の1程度である。エジプトはさらに少ない44億ドルにとどまっており、サウジアラビアの15分の1にすぎない。

 

 2014年、2015年はサウジアラビアの軍事費は大きく増加し、2015年には900億ドル近くに達している。2016年には逆に大きく減少、2017年は2013年の水準に戻っている。いずれにしても過去5年間を通じてサウジアラビアは地域の軍事大国の中で突出しており、日本の1.5倍乃至2倍の巨額の軍事支出を続けている。

 

トルコ及びイスラエルは5年間を通じてほぼ横ばい状態であるが、イランは2014年以降漸増しており、一方エジプトは2015年以降漸減傾向が見られる。日本は5年間を通じて400億ドル台の支出である。

 

(続く)

 

本稿に関するコメント、ご意見をお聞かせください。

        前田 高行         183-0027 東京都府中市本町2-31-13-601

                               Tel/Fax; 042-360-1284, 携帯; 090-9157-3642

                               E-mail; maeda1@jcom.home.ne.jp





drecom_ocin_japan at 13:41コメント(0)MENA 
drecom_ocin_japan at 13:02コメント(0)今日のニュース 

2018年09月16日

Home Page: OCIN INITIATIVE

(Japanese Version)

(Arabic Version)

(Table of contents)

 

By Areha Kazuya

E-mail: areha_kazuya@jcom.home.ne.jp

Chapter 6: Genealogy of Islamic terrorism

 

6-3(46) Shuddering September 11 attacks

 46-911テロ

The 21st century began with "September 11 attacks". Islamic terrorism frequently took place in the last 10 years at the end of the 20th century, but the September 11 attacks could not compare with any of previous terrorism with the size of the scale and the influence given to the world.

 

Listing the main terror incidents during the last decade of the 20th century, two Austrian tourists died in hotel bombing in Aden of Yemen in 1992. In 1993 eight people died and more than 1,000 injured by the bombing of New York World Trade Center Building. Furthermore, terrorist attacked on tourists in Luxor of Egypt in 1998. The United States embassies in Kenya and Tanzania were bombed simultaneously in 1998. In September 1999 two terror attacks in Moscow caused more than 200 dead.

 

The criminals of these terror attacks were all Muslims. The incidents could be roughly divided into three categories according to the criminal organization and the background of the incidents. One was an attack by a lone wolf fanatic Islamist. Luxor incident was equivalent to this case. The second case was a resistance movement against the central government by Islamic anti-government organizations. Terrorist attacks in Moscow by Central Asian Islamic organizations was this case. Both of two terror attacks were domestic problems by domestic offenders.

 

In contrast, the terrorist attacks of New York World Trade Centre Building in 1993 and US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998 were well controlled and international terrorist activities by the Al Qaeda led by Osama bin Laden targeting the United States. It was "September 11 attacks" that Al Qaeda revealed its nature in early 21st century. It was a famous incident that anyone knew. Let's review the attacks.

 

In the morning of 11th September 2001, American Airlines Flight 11 from Boston to Los Angeles was hijacked at 8:14 am. The criminal grasped the control stick and changed the course to the south and crushed into the North Tower of the New York World Trade Center Building at 8:46. At first people could not understand what happened, and many people thought that the small aircraft crashed with the manipulation in error. However, immediately after the American Airlines, United Airlines Flight 175 headed to the same destination from the same airport was hijacked in the same way. It crushed into the South Tower of the World Trade Center Building in a manner to follow. The television news covering the first incident relayed the next incident. Not only citizens of New York but people around the world witnessed live footage. It was a truly unbelievable scene. This made people understand that violent terrorist incident was happened.

 

Incidents continued furthermore. American Airlines Flight 77 from Washington to Los Angeles was also hijacked at around 8:40. It crashed into the headquarter of the Department of Defense (commonly known as the Pentagon due to a pentagonal star shape). In addition, United Airlines Flight 93 from Newark to San Francisco was hijacked at 9:28, but passengers in the airplane who knew about the incident of the World Trade Center Building tried to stop hijacking and crashed on the ground at 240 KM northwest of Washington DC. It was at 10:03 am. The perpetrators seemed to aim at the White House or Parliament Building. The four terrorist attacks of simultaneous hijackings were the biggest disaster in the history with 3,000 death and 6,300 injuries.

 

President Bush (then) concluded that the incidents were the crimes committed by Islamic extremist group Al Qaeda led by Osama Bin Laden. Bin Laden's subordinate Khalid Sheikh Muhammad was arrested in charge of a planner of terrors. The incident took place in less than two hours from the first hijacking at 8:14 am to the fall of the fourth aircraft at 10:03 am. Prior to this two hours Al Qaeda had spent an enormous amount of time and money for detailed planning and careful preparations including the acquisition of the maneuvering method of a large jet aircraft. The United States had already recognized that Al Qaeda was targeting the mainland of the United States when the World Trade Center Building was bombed eight years ago in 1993. But US Government could not catch in advance the symptom of simultaneous multiple terrorism. Terrors planned and implemented by Al Qaeda were far beyond the predictions of authorities. Nineteen offenders led by Egyptian Muhammad Atta were identified. Eleven of the 19 offenders were Saudi.

 

This incident triggered US counterterrorism operations. President George W. Bush set the eradication of terrorism as the most important issue of diplomacy and showed a hard line stance that the first-strike for self-defense would be the essential alternatives. The US caused military action against the Taliban regime of Afghanistan, where the Al Qaeda was based in, and overthrew them. Osama bin Laden escaped in a steep mountainous area of neighboring Pakistan. Running away from trackers he called for Islamic extremist groups around the world for resistance. Terrorist activities by his sympathizers took place in many parts of the world one after another. The United States desperately pursued him. At last the special forces raided to kill Bin Laden on the outskirts of Islamabad in May 2011. At that time he was 54 years old.

 

In the 21st century, it was the beginning of the era of resistance by Islamic extremists.

 

(To be continued ----)





drecom_ocin_japan at 09:34コメント(0)中東の戦後70年 

2018年09月14日

drecom_ocin_japan at 12:09コメント(0)今日のニュース 
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