2018年05月18日

drecom_ocin_japan at 11:10コメント(0)今日のニュース 

2018年05月16日

drecom_ocin_japan at 16:03コメント(0)今日のニュース 

2018年05月15日

(注)本シリーズは下記URLで(1)から(6)まで一括してご覧いただけます。
http://mylibrary.maeda1.jp/MenaRank7.pdf

MENAなんでもランキング・シリーズ その7)

 

2.MENAトップのUAEは世界10位

(表http://menarank.maeda1.jp/7-T01.pdf 参照)

 MENA15ヶ国のトップはUAEで世界順位は10位と高い評価を得ている。これは同18位の米国より高く30位の日本を大きく上回っている。UAEに次ぐMENA2位はカタールであり世界順位は29位とUAEとかなり大きな差がある。以下はイスラエル(世界31位)、バハレーン(同50位)までの4カ国が世界50位以内である。これら4カ国に続くのはトルコ(世界58位)、ヨルダン(同62位)、クウェイト(同81位)及モロッコ(同86位)までの8カ国が世界180カ国の上位グループとなる。90位台にはオマーン(93位)、サウジアラビア(98位)、チュニジア(99位)が並んでいる。

 

 MENA上位10か国の内訳を見るとそのうち6カ国はGCC諸国(UAE、カタール、バハレーン、クウェイト、オマーン及びサウジアラビア)である。これらの国々は豊かな石油(あるいは天然ガス)の収入により高度な経済社会を実現、欧米の経済システムが浸透しており、経済の自由度が高いと見られているが、UAEとカタールの上位2か国とクウェイト、オマーン、サウジアラビアとの格差は大きい。

 

 MENA12位以下の4カ国はいずれも世界100位以下であるがその順位は以下のとおりである。

 エジプト(139位)、レバノン(140位)、イラン(同156位)、アルジェリア(172位)でありアルジェリアの経済自由度は世界180か国中でも最低レベルと評価されている。MENA15カ国の平均世界順位は87位であり世界の中間レベルにある。

 

 なお冒頭に述べた通りイラク、シリア、リビア、イエメン及びパレスチナ自治政府は世界ランクの対象外となっている。但しパレスチナ自治区を除く4カ国はいくつかのサブ項目の評価がされているので、後述する項目別世界順位で触れることとする。

 

 ちなみに世界1位は香港であり、米国18位、日本30位、中国は110位である。最下位(180位)は北朝鮮。

 

(続く)

 

本稿に関するコメント、ご意見をお聞かせください。

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drecom_ocin_japan at 12:44コメント(0)MENA 

2018年05月14日

drecom_ocin_japan at 16:47コメント(0)今日のニュース 

2018年05月13日

Home Page: OCIN INITIATIVE

(Japanese Version)

(Arabic Version)

(Table of contents)

By Areha Kazuya

E-mail: areha_kazuya@jcom.home.ne.jp

Chapter 4: War and Peace in The Middle East

 

4-8(36) East of Nakba(great catastrophe)

The Arab countries have been disastrously defeated by Israel in the First Arab Israeli War in which Israel aimed for Independence. That was the reason why Arab countries called this war "Nakba (Great Disaster)" and Israel called the War of Independence. The greatest victim was the Arab-Palestinians who lived in Palestine. Approximately 750,000 Jews flowed from all over the world into Palestine after the war. As a result, the same number of Arab-Palestinians were pushed out of the country and became refugees. More Palestinian refugees came in the later Arab-Israeli wars. The number of refugees reached approximately ten million in total. Most of them evacuated to the east neighboring country - Jordan. Jordan was "the east of Nakba".

 

Jordan, however, was the poor country from its foundation. Palestinian refugees had a difficult time in Jordan. Many of them had to migrate to the Gulf countries such as Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, where the oil boom began. They moved from the land of Nakba in Palestine to Jordan and thereafter toward to the east again. This time, Gulf countries became “the east of Nakba”. Palestinian refugees were the diligent workforce in the Gulf oil-producing countries. Palestinians were the same Arabs with inhabitants in the Gulf countries. They could easily communicate by speaking Arabic language. They believed the same religion of Islam as the same Sunni sect. The Saudis and Kuwaitis appreciated the excellent knowledge of the Palestinians.

 

In the Gulf countries, they called migrants coming from abroad as "guest workers" and called themselves as "host countries". Palestinian migrants who spoke Arabic and worshiped together at the mosque on Friday were the best "guest workers" for “host countries”. However, do not be misled by the softness of the word "guest". Palestinians coming to Gulf countries in search for getting a piece of oil wealth were merely migrant workers. Palestinians were given cold shoulder. Inhabitants in the Gulf countries were blind to own faults and abused the Palestinians. Children imitate their parents and teased Palestinian children irrationally.

 

Palestinians, however, had to endure remained silent, otherwise they might lose good salary which was pretty high than their home country. Their status was unstable. The employment contract was depended on the temper of their lords. The lords were easily dismissed migrants and expelled them. Migrants were exactly modern slavery.

 

It is necessary to point out that migrants are different from immigrants. Immigrants are those who emigrated from other countries and acquired the citizenship of that country. Although there might be social discrimination, immigrants have the same political rights and the right of social security same as the original citizens. But migrant “guest” workers are not given such a right.

 

The Palestinians were obviously more educated, experienced and diligent than the Kuwaitis or Saudis. But under the modern slavery system of migrant workers, they had to endure humiliation and continue their duties. They sent the most of their salary to their relatives at home. Someday in the future when they would retire and return to home, it might be their dream to build an apartment and become a landlord, or to open a small shop and become the owner of self-employed business.

 

Palestinians were also enthusiastic about giving university education on children. As refugees living in other countries it was necessary to have excellent knowledge and expertise. The Shatilas and Al-Yassins who were Palestine refugees from Turkam had been working in Kuwait as teacher or doctor, respectively. They were keen on education more than others. The second son of the Shatillas was sent to the United States for studying though their household spending was painful. The eldest son of the Shatillas who had been working at an oil company in Saudi Arabia handed over a part of his salary to his father to support his brother's tuition. The Shatilas expected that their young son got citizenship of the United States after graduating university. Furthermore, the family had hidden agenda that if something happened in the Middle East they would rely on him and migrate to the United States.

 

Father himself did not lose hope to return to Turkam. He had a dream to open a private school in his hometown and spend the rest of his life to teach Palestine children. When he retired a teacher in the late 1970s, he left Kuwait and returned to Jordan. Around the same time Al-Yassin also sent his daughter Rania to American University in Cairo and the family returned to Jordan. He had a doctor's license, so he decided to settle permanent residence in Jordan and changed their nationality from Palestine to Jordan.

 

When the "Black September" incident took place in 1970, the PLO, Palestine Liberation Organization, moved its headquarter to Beirut, Lebanon. Jordan restored a peaceful condition under King Hussein. The Palestinians who emigrated to the Gulf countries returned to Jordan with various expectations in mind. Once the Palestinians had moved eastward from the land of "Nakba" to Jordan and again settled in Gulf countries in eastward. This time they moved westward and back to Jordan. Most of them waited for the day when they could return to Palestine.

 

(To be continued ----)



drecom_ocin_japan at 11:21コメント(0)中東の戦後70年 
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