2018年09月

2018年09月23日

Home Page: OCIN INITIATIVE

(Japanese Version)

(Arabic Version)

(Table of contents)

 

By Areha Kazuya

E-mail: areha_kazuya@jcom.home.ne.jp

Chapter 6: Genealogy of Islamic terrorism

6-4(47) War against Iraq, axis of evil

47ブッシュ大統領
 

September 11 attacks was an epoch-making incident in 2001. In January 2002, President George W. Bush criticized Iran, Iraq and North Korea as "rogue state" which supported international terrorism in the State of the Union. He named these three countries "Axis of evil".

 

"Rogue" and "Axis of evil" are words that are quite understandable. President Bush from Texas pretended as if he was a sheriff of an old Western movie. As the strongest leader in the world, his speech sounded a little bit careless. But it echoed comfortable for American people. It is quite the same as President Donald Trump nowadays. Anyway, for the ordinary citizens in the United States, United States is the sheriff of the world who keeps the justice of God and punishes evil.

 

President Bush's strategic philosophy was named Bush Doctrine. The ultimate principle of the doctrine was to confront the "rogue state" that could spread terrorists and mass destruction weapons  and to carry out the first-strike for self-defense if necessary. He declared that the world was either on the US side or on the terror’s side.

 

His philosophy was Neo conservatism that was composed of undercurrent in the modern American society. The adherents of Neoconservatism (so called Neocon) was a policy group related to the theory of political scientist Francis Fukuyama who was the author of “The End of History and the Last Man”. In the Afghan War Neocon joined hands with Islamic power to defeat the immediate enemy USSR, and in the Iran-Iraq war they supported the Hussein of Iraqi Sunni regime to defeat Iran of Shiites.

 

At the Gulf War in 1991, President H.W. Bush (Bush Senior) took military action without hesitation and repulsed Iraqi troops from Kuwait. But at that time, President H.W. Bush had to order Allied troops to withdraw from Iraq where they were just around the corner of Baghdad. It was due to the restriction of the UN resolution that the military action was permitted only for liberation of Kuwait. Hussein 's regime barely survived. Hussein had been holding the power domestically. He continued the reign of terror empowering military force and suppressing the antagonizing powers such as Shiites and Kurds.

 

President George W. Bush, son of H.W. Bush, suspected Hussein of concealment of weapons of mass destruction and connection with Al-Qaeda, an international terrorist organization. Having raised Bush Doctrine, the United States often preached military sanctions against Iraq at the United Nations. At the Security Council, in addition to Russia and China, France also opposed, while only Britain joined with the United States. G.W. Bush did not abandon hard-line stance of Neocon. It was necessary for Bush to overthrow Hussein’s regime and transform Iraq into a democratic state.  It was his father's dream which could not be realized in the Gulf War.

 

In March 2003, the United States formed coalition with several countries like the UK and Australia and attacked Iraq under the name of "Operation Iraqi Freedom". US army traditionally had two brave slogans in the battle field. Following the Second World War and the Gulf War, US solders again repeated two slogans in the war against Iraq; "Show the Flag!" and "Boots on the ground!".

 

"Show the flag" means to declare his identity and "Boots on the ground" is to stand up on the battlefield. When translate two phrases into one; “Push the flags up and get on the front line". In other words, you should make clear whether you are friend or enemy and to confront the enemy with courage in the battlefield. President G.W. Bush who was the descendant of Texas cowboy could understand his role as if he was a cavalry captain who kicked out Indians (now referred to as "Native American" as an anti-discriminatory word).

 

Without such a slogan the Iraqi army was outnumbered and defeated by coalition force overwhelmed physically. The battle finished quickly. After two-month President Bush declared the termination of large-scale battle on the nuclear aircraft carrier "Abraham Lincoln” in the Persian (Arabian) Gulf.

 

However, as well known, the post war investigation found that there were no mass destruction weapons in Iraq. There was no reason to justify the Iraq war. Even after arresting Sadam Hussein and putting him on the death penalty, security in Iraq could not recover but rather sectarian and tribal conflicts came to the surface and security became worse. In 2011 President Obama finally issued a declaration of the end of the war in Iraq and the US troops withdrew completely. But it was not true that US army withdrew because the war was over. It was true that in order to withdraw the troops the war has been terminated.

 

As soon as the US troops withdrew IS (Islamic States) invaded from Syria to the northern part of Iraq.

 

(To be continued ----)




drecom_ocin_japan at 09:16コメント(0)中東の戦後70年 

2018年09月22日

drecom_ocin_japan at 11:28コメント(0)今日のニュース 

2018年09月21日

drecom_ocin_japan at 13:33コメント(0)今日のニュース 

2018年09月20日

drecom_ocin_japan at 10:22コメント(0)今日のニュース 

MENAなんでもランキング・シリーズ その18)

 

(武器輸入額世界一はインド、日本は世界18位!)

付2.主要国の武器輸入額(2008年~2017年合計額)

(http://menarank.maeda1.jp/18-T04.pdf 参照)

(http://menarank.maeda1.jp/18-G07.pdf 参照)

 2008年から2017年までの10か年間の武器輸入合計額は世界全体で2,800億ドル弱であった。国別ではインドが最も多く同国の輸入額は327億ドル、世界全体の12%を占めている。輸入国第2位はサウジアラビアの194億ドルでインドのほぼ2分の1、世界シェアは7%である。

 

 第3位は中国の129億ドルであるが、前項でも述べた通り同国は輸出額では世界第5位であり、武器貿易が活発なことを示している。中国に次いでアルジェリア、オーストラリア、パキスタン及びUAEが輸入額100億ドル強で並んでいる。8位から10位は韓国、エジプト、米国でその輸入額は80~90億ドルである。因みに日本の過去10年間の武器輸入額は40億ドル、年間平均4億ドルであり、世界18位に相当する。日本の場合、軍事費(2017年、454億ドル、第1項参照)に比べ輸入額の割合が比較的小さいのは武器の国産化が進んでいるためと考えられる。

 

以上

 

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drecom_ocin_japan at 09:02コメント(0)MENA 
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