(Japanese Version)

(Arabic Version)

(Table of contents)


By Areha Kazuya

E-mail: areha_kazuya@jcom.home.ne.jp

Chapter 6: Genealogy of Islamic terrorism


6-5(48) Monotheism distinguishing ally and enemy


President George W. Bush, who fell into the Iraq War, labeled Hussein's regime to be part of the axes of evil along with Iran and North Korea. He said that all of the countries in the world had to clarify their own position to belong either on the US side or the terror side and shouted that “Show the Flag!”. There was no alternative to allow ambiguity. For President Bush it was a confrontation between justice and injustice. In religious meaning, it was a confrontation between God and the Devil. In such case, needless to say, the United States was justice and an agent of God, and Iraq was injustice and an agent of the Devil. Monotheistic Christianity often uses its own logic to distinguish ally or enemy.


However, monotheistic Islam also had the same logic. For Islamic countries justice was in their side. They justified that they were the agents of Allah (God). They claimed that the United States and other Western Christian countries were injustice, and Western people were the agents of the Devil. The Satanic Verses incident in 1988 was a good example. A British writer Sir Salman Rashdie wrote a novel “The Satanic Verses” which was the lifetime story of Prophet Muhammad. Muslims accused the author that the novel insulted Prophet Muhammad and Islam. Iran's supreme leader, Ayatollah Khomeini, ordered death sentence for not only the author but also its publisher and foreign translators. Japanese translator who was an associate professor of the Tsukuba University in Japan was killed by unknown somebody.


Such fanatic reactions are peculiar to monotheism. Buddhism and polytheism like Greek myths or Shintoism in Japan teach that justice or injustice and God or the Devil are coexisting in one’s own minds. Although there is a struggle between the enemy and the ally, it is not a confrontation of justice and injustice and a fight between the agent of God and the agent of the Devil.


There would be three cases to classify the ally or the enemy in a monotheistic way of thinking which distinguish ally or enemy by means of justice or injustice and God (Allah) or the Devil. One is a confrontation with a different religion (pagan confrontation), the second one is a confrontation with the difference of sects (sectarian confrontation), and the third one is the confrontation with the orthodox faction and the heretical faction in the same sect (heretical confrontation). Terrorism used to occur in each confrontation.


Looking at these three confrontations in terms of Islam, the pagan confrontation is a confrontation between Islam and Christianity and/or Judaism. The example of pagan confrontations were the wars between Israel and the Arab countries, or terrorist attacks against the United States by Al Qaeda such as September 911 attacks and other terrorist attacks in various places of the world. The Afghan war against the USSR could also deemed to be a kind of pagan confrontation as monotheism versus atheism. Iran-Iraq War was a typical sectarian confrontation of Shiite vs. Sunni.


The heretical confrontation within the same sects is the confrontation between modern Islamic secularism and Islamic fundamentalism (Sarafism), but this has a little bit complicated problem. Because in this confrontation each side insists that they themselves are orthodox and condemned opponents as heretic or apostates. They assert that they are the followers of the correct teachings of Prophet Muhammad. They never withdrew each other. There is no room for compromise at all.


Heretical confrontation had also occurred in the medieval Christian society. It was a confrontation between Catholic and Protestant. But Christian society overcame the confrontation and coexists with no violation to others nowadays. Why Islam cannot overcome this confrontation?


In case of Islam, fundamentalism means Sarafism calling for returning to the spirit of early era of Prophet Muhammad. Fundamentalists are not trying to fit the doctrine and organization to modern society.


Why such an anachronism is justified? The answer might be found in the fact that the origin of Islam. Islam was born in the 14th century when the world trade system had already been well established. Fundamentalists preach that they can return to those days of seven centuries ago. Christianity also has fundamentalism. The name of fundamentalism itself was originally used in official bulletin of the Evangelical. Christianity started two thousand years ago, and it was the era of agricultural society and serfdom. It is impossible to return to that era and to trace everything in life. It is only possible to return to the spilit of Christ. However, Islamic fundamentalists seriously think about restoring lives of the good old day as much as possible.


As fundamentalists believe that they are absolutely right, they work on realizing their ideals in hasten. As a result, they are disliked not only by the enemy but also by the ordinary citizens. They force citizens to obey when they keep the power. Those who do not obey are violently cleared away as heretic or apostate. And fundamentalists recruit radical youth who was sympathized or inspired by their thought bring up him as a terrorist and a suicide bomber. When he performed his job, he was set up as a martyr. The ordinary citizens who are unable to oppose against fundamentalism endure and wait for the storm to pass.


The Iraq War started in a completely different circumstance and ended in different result. Mass destruction weapons that the United States considered as the reason of Iraq War were not found. And the evidence of the relationship between Hussein administration and Al Qaeda was also not found. At the Gulf War in 1991, there was a justification for liberating Kuwait, but this time the United States could not answer what the Iraq War was.


Nevertheless, the US insisted that the tyranny by Saddam Hussein was collapsed by the war and that the democracy was established in Iraq. But after the collapse of the Hussein regime Pandora's box was opened in Iraq. Three years later, Saddam Hussein was executed after a public trial in 2006, but Iraq still continues a political struggle in which Sunni and Shiites turned the tables. The Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (or al-Sham) (abbreviated ISIS) took the advantage of. Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi al-Husseini al-Quraishi proclaimed himself as Calif of Islamic State (IS) and tyrannized the region.


The United States brought about a big problem in the Middle East, following the British and France during the era of imperialism. Whether this was right or wrong will be judged in the future. Let’s remind Christian medieval argument of heresy for Protestant, it took hundreds of years before the problem settled down. It has to take a considerable length of time to judge the correctness of the current event in the Middle East Islamic world.


The confrontation of pagan, sectarian and heresy in the Middle East Islamic world could not become finale in just 100 years after World War II. However, both the United States and the IS who confront each other and dream to realize justice and the kingdom of God or Allah in this world are too hasty to settle.


It may sound very irresponsible, but for the time being there will be no choice but to watch the situation. In ancient poetry saying; The arrogant is not forever. It is just like a spring night’s dream.


(To be continued ----)

drecom_ocin_japan at 09:27コメント(0)中東の戦後70年 


drecom_ocin_japan at 11:54コメント(0)今日のニュース 


drecom_ocin_japan at 13:48コメント(0)今日のニュース 


drecom_ocin_japan at 11:50コメント(0)今日のニュース 



(Japanese Version)

(Arabic Version)

(Table of contents)


By Areha Kazuya

E-mail: areha_kazuya@jcom.home.ne.jp

Chapter 6: Genealogy of Islamic terrorism

6-4(47) War against Iraq, axis of evil


September 11 attacks was an epoch-making incident in 2001. In January 2002, President George W. Bush criticized Iran, Iraq and North Korea as "rogue state" which supported international terrorism in the State of the Union. He named these three countries "Axis of evil".


"Rogue" and "Axis of evil" are words that are quite understandable. President Bush from Texas pretended as if he was a sheriff of an old Western movie. As the strongest leader in the world, his speech sounded a little bit careless. But it echoed comfortable for American people. It is quite the same as President Donald Trump nowadays. Anyway, for the ordinary citizens in the United States, United States is the sheriff of the world who keeps the justice of God and punishes evil.


President Bush's strategic philosophy was named Bush Doctrine. The ultimate principle of the doctrine was to confront the "rogue state" that could spread terrorists and mass destruction weapons  and to carry out the first-strike for self-defense if necessary. He declared that the world was either on the US side or on the terror’s side.


His philosophy was Neo conservatism that was composed of undercurrent in the modern American society. The adherents of Neoconservatism (so called Neocon) was a policy group related to the theory of political scientist Francis Fukuyama who was the author of “The End of History and the Last Man”. In the Afghan War Neocon joined hands with Islamic power to defeat the immediate enemy USSR, and in the Iran-Iraq war they supported the Hussein of Iraqi Sunni regime to defeat Iran of Shiites.


At the Gulf War in 1991, President H.W. Bush (Bush Senior) took military action without hesitation and repulsed Iraqi troops from Kuwait. But at that time, President H.W. Bush had to order Allied troops to withdraw from Iraq where they were just around the corner of Baghdad. It was due to the restriction of the UN resolution that the military action was permitted only for liberation of Kuwait. Hussein 's regime barely survived. Hussein had been holding the power domestically. He continued the reign of terror empowering military force and suppressing the antagonizing powers such as Shiites and Kurds.


President George W. Bush, son of H.W. Bush, suspected Hussein of concealment of weapons of mass destruction and connection with Al-Qaeda, an international terrorist organization. Having raised Bush Doctrine, the United States often preached military sanctions against Iraq at the United Nations. At the Security Council, in addition to Russia and China, France also opposed, while only Britain joined with the United States. G.W. Bush did not abandon hard-line stance of Neocon. It was necessary for Bush to overthrow Hussein’s regime and transform Iraq into a democratic state.  It was his father's dream which could not be realized in the Gulf War.


In March 2003, the United States formed coalition with several countries like the UK and Australia and attacked Iraq under the name of "Operation Iraqi Freedom". US army traditionally had two brave slogans in the battle field. Following the Second World War and the Gulf War, US solders again repeated two slogans in the war against Iraq; "Show the Flag!" and "Boots on the ground!".


"Show the flag" means to declare his identity and "Boots on the ground" is to stand up on the battlefield. When translate two phrases into one; “Push the flags up and get on the front line". In other words, you should make clear whether you are friend or enemy and to confront the enemy with courage in the battlefield. President G.W. Bush who was the descendant of Texas cowboy could understand his role as if he was a cavalry captain who kicked out Indians (now referred to as "Native American" as an anti-discriminatory word).


Without such a slogan the Iraqi army was outnumbered and defeated by coalition force overwhelmed physically. The battle finished quickly. After two-month President Bush declared the termination of large-scale battle on the nuclear aircraft carrier "Abraham Lincoln” in the Persian (Arabian) Gulf.


However, as well known, the post war investigation found that there were no mass destruction weapons in Iraq. There was no reason to justify the Iraq war. Even after arresting Sadam Hussein and putting him on the death penalty, security in Iraq could not recover but rather sectarian and tribal conflicts came to the surface and security became worse. In 2011 President Obama finally issued a declaration of the end of the war in Iraq and the US troops withdrew completely. But it was not true that US army withdrew because the war was over. It was true that in order to withdraw the troops the war has been terminated.


As soon as the US troops withdrew IS (Islamic States) invaded from Syria to the northern part of Iraq.


(To be continued ----)

drecom_ocin_japan at 09:16コメント(0)中東の戦後70年 
  • ライブドアブログ